What are the main activities?
Supporting District Education Management
* Mapping and Planning
Up-to-date and well organised data is an essential tool for the good management of education. This data, if it is well ordered, can easily be accessed for other needs such as analysing school financing needs. In many districts data is often not up-to-date and the data available is often not made use of. The MBE program supports School Mapping and Data Collection in two target sub-districts in each district. A team is selected by the local government to carry out the mapping.
They take part in workshops to discuss data needs and practice data collection. The data is then collected, entered in simple spreadsheets and analysed. The information included in the database covers several key areas:
- Sub-district maps of schools
- School age population data
- School, teacher and student data
- Data on the condition of the school buildings
- The distances between schools
- Financial and other data as required
The data is then analysed by the mapping team. Based on the analysis of the school mapping data each district makes plans to raise the efficiency of basic education provision in the two MBE program sub-districts. These plans include:
- A list of schools to be merged and plans for the formation of multi-grade schools
- A list of schools with excess numbers of teachers and a list of schools with shortages of teachers, plans for redeploying teachers and a list of new teachers needed
- Priorities for rehabilitating school buildings.
- Plans for constructing new junior secondary schools
The program supports the districts in keeping the data up-to-date. Several districts have already expanded the mapping to cover other districts, using their own funds. In the case of Pacitan this has included all 21 districts.
Examples of proposals from Gringsing, Batang
- 8 primary schools to merged to become 4 schools
- The formation of 4 multi-grade schools and one small school
- Moving 2 excess school principals and 14 excess teachers from merged schools to schools with teacher shortages
- The appointment of 29 new teachers for primary schools and 50 for junior secondary schools
- Priority rehabilitation for 3 classrooms which are unusable and 40 severely damaged classrooms (out of total of 91)
* School Funding
Adequate funding is essential to support School Based Management. Best practice shows that it is more efficient for teachers, principals and school committees to manage the buying of books, learning materials and other operational needs as well as the maintenance of the school building. If the funding is allocated and distributed directly to schools the school principal and committee can plan its use according to their aims (SBM) and the local community can be informed in a transparent manner of the sources, amount and use of the funds.
The school principals of SD Kauman 3 and 4 which it is planned to merge. The schools are situated around one yard and the number of students has fallen. Some of the classrooms in SD 3 are in a very poor condition
The funds should be allocated equitably and transparently. Schools with more students should in general receive more funding and everyone should know what each school receives. Several districts have all ready implemented school financing. The districts have developed formulae to calculate this funding (known in Indonesian as Dana Alokasi Sekolah - DAS). The variables used to calculate the DAS generally include the number of students and the number of rooms in the school.