PURWOREJO: Reflections at the End of the MBE Program
The Managing Basic Education Program has been running in Purworejo district for about eighteen months, not even two years. The time has been very short for changes to happen either at school or district levels.
However, in reality changes involving the adoption of better practices have become evident in the MBE partner schools. Besides this the MBE program has already spread to other schools, who have used their own funds or funds from the 2006 district budget to run training. Changes which have occurred especially in the MBE partner schools include:
1. The Principal of SMP PGRI Butuh (Bpk Hamdi Asrori) - even though his school is a simple private school, the MBE program has had a big impact. Everyone in the school supports it.
2. The integrated school budget at SMPN 14 Purworejo is displayed on a large board for everyone to see.
3. Community participation at SDN Wonorejo Kulon is not confined to physical and financial assistance, but also offers assistance with teaching. As well as being guest speakers in lessons, the parents group is also active in class. You can see Ibu Suhartati (the School Principal) teaching grade 1 assisted by a parent, in place of Ibu Sumarsih an MBE fasilitator, who is out helping teachers in another school.
4. Community participation in SDN Lubangkidul in Butuh district, the community is helping to repair the building. SDN Lubangkidul has also been given land by the community to extend the school building. It has also received two computers from the community.
In the areas of School Based Management (SBM) and Community Participation:
1. The School Development Plan and Budget have been drawn up jointly with the community and displayed publicly.
2. There is a sense of belonging and mutual support between the school and the community, with the result that the accountability of the school has risen.
3. The staff of the school have become more motivated to work to improve quality.
4. The democratic processes surrounding the school have increased the trust of the community in the school.
5. Besides its increasing role in the school committee, the community has increased its role in improving the school environment and supporting the children's learning through the formation of a parents group. Many parents are now involved in the teaching and learning processes and in extracurricular activities.
In the area of PAKEM:
1. Teachers are more creative and prepare their lessons better.
2. The organization of the students in their lessons is more flexible.
3. There is increased use of school libraries and reading corners.
4. The environment is used as a learning resource.
5. Teachers use more learning aids.
6. Children are more active and creative and more confident to express their own ideas
7. Children's learning is more effective and enjoyable.
8. Displays of children's work have a positive impact on children's learning and parents' attitudes to their children's education.
1. The students at SMPN 13 Purworejo discussing population data at the Village Head's Office in Katerban
2. The students at SMPN 5 Purworejo enjoying learning biology
3. Bpk Edy Setyanto, a teacher at SMPN 14 Purworejo, making a lesson plan helped by English language facilitator, Ibu Suharti, S.Pd
4. Ibu Ani from MI Imam Puro Lubangindangan going round the classroom helping students with any difficulties they encounter
In the area of District Education Management:
1. Education planning takes place in stages based on data, using the principles of planning, learned during workshops on education data and planning organized by MBE.
2. The concept of formula funding focused on allocating funding assistance for schools equitably and proportionally has been applied in the form of school assistance for all schools in Puworejo district.
The district allocated Rp.9.75 billion for 2006 to cover all schools (including private schools). This was a significant increase compared to 2005, when the allocation was only Rp.4.5 billion.
Members of the district MBE team (Bpk Fatnani from the Education Commission of the Local Parliament, Bpk Kasito from the Education Council, Bpk Agus Suyoko from the Local Development Agency, Ibu Kanti from the District Education Office and Bpk Achadi from the Religious Affairs Department) making follow up plans in the area of district manage-ment to support the development of the MBE program after March 2007. This includes a replication program running till 2009.
3. The district has calculated the unit cost of educating a single student. These calculations were done involving representatives of all education stakeholders in order to discover whether the school operational founding (BOS) being distributed by central government to schools is suffi-cient to cover schools' basic needs or not.
The result: Primary Schools need Rp. 26,800 - per student per month, while junior Secondary Schools need Rp. 40,200 - per student per month. This is only a minimum for operational funding.